Why is the Museum of Artillery interesting?
The Museum of the Royal Artillery Factory, recreates in its facilities what supposed the installation in 1637 of this industry in the municipality. In a didactic way, it presents a historical journey through one of the most important economic assets that the region had for two long centuries, the steel industry, which contributed significantly to changing the artillery technology of the time.
The Artillery Museum
At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the Crown of Spain needed to control commercial maritime lines, as well as its fortifications and colonial ports. For this reason the number of warships increased. All of them would be equipped with cast iron cannons, which would replace the bronze ones, ten times more expensive.
The arms industries of Flanders, due to the signing of successive peace treaties, decides to move to The Peninsula, and arrives at La Cavada and Liérganes, where the first blast furnaces of Spain are created.
In this factory were made for many years the guns that were considered the best in the world, for their great quality, their great technological development and for being lighter. Multiplying by 10 the production of the best ironworks.
In figures, this was La Cavada's Royal Artillery Factory: 26,000 guns, varied ammunition, thousands of pieces for commercial use, 20 million paid wages, 300,000 tons of iron ore used, 10 million pruned or cut carbonwood trees, 250,000 tons of charcoal, 15,000 tons of stone consumed in blast furnaces, reverberos and forges that produced 100,000 cast iron in 150 foundry campaigns over 200 years.
Do you want to visit it?
The Museum of the Royal Artillery Factory of La Cavada is located in the old building of the schools of the Cavada, belonging to the town hall of Riotuerto and was inaugurated in 2006 by the president of Cantabria. In it we can find different guns of different calibers with different origins (donations from museums or town halls, coming from the Royal Factory ...), the ammunition used, the machinery with which they were made, as well as all kinds of information about the birth And the operation of the artillery industry and its importance.
In addition, in the interior, we can enjoy nobiliary shields, models of boats and even a reproduction of a real-size gunboat, showing us scenes of war of its time.
More information in: